What are the periodontal sicknesses?

Periodontal diseases are a set of diseases that affect the tissues (periodontium) that surround and hold the teeth in the jaws.

They are diseases of an inflammatory nature and of infectious cause (caused by bacteria) that we call gingivitis when the inflammatory process only affects superficially (the gum).

When it affects deep tissues, destruction of the bone and ligament that support and hold the teeth occurs. We call this period of involvement periodontitis.

If it is not treated it evolves destroying all the support of the tooth and with it the lodging and loss of it.

Progresión de enfermedad de las encías

Gingivitis: bleeding gums

Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation and redness of the gum. It is usually due to bad oral hygiene, although it can also be due to the taking of certain medications or hormonal causes during pregnancy.

If left untreated it can trigger in a periodontitis.

Periodontitis: Loss of bone support

The loss of bone support occurs when there is an accumulation of tartar which causes the appearance of periodontal pockets. When the bags are formed bacteria accumulate that gradually cause bone loss.

This process can trigger mobility and even the loss of teeth.

Types of periodontal treatments

To prevent the progression of gum disease (gingivitis and periodontitis, also known as pyorrhea) it is necessary to perform a treatment and follow-up.

In our Dental Clinic in Zaragoza, we offer:

  • Periodontogram
  • Scraping and root planing
  • Surgical treatment if applicable
  • Reconstructive regeneration of gums
  • Splint or dental containment
  • Gingivectomy: coronary lengthening
  • Mucogingival surgery: grafts
  • Periodic maintenance

Preguntas frecuentes sobre la periodontitis


These processes rarely cause intense pain, which is why many patients suffer from it without being conscious.

The first signs and symptoms that appear in the earliest stage, gingivitis, are:

  • Redness and swelling of the gum.
  • Bleeding of the gums when brushing the teeth or spontaneously.

When the disease is more evolved, and periodontitis occurs, the main symptoms are the following:

  • Retraction of the gums, feeling of longer teeth.
  • Separation of the teeth.
  • Increased tooth sensitivity, especially when cold.
  • Bad breath.
  • Mobility of the teeth and possible phlegmon in the gums.